Recovering Your Files from CryptoLocker Free Tool from FireEye

Your Locker of Information for CryptoLocker Decryption | FireEye Blog.

Kudo’s to FireEye for not only building and hosting this tool so consumers can get their files back but also for their effort to acquire a large number of the private keys that made this possible.  FireEye does some very great work and always acts honorably.

To help solve the problem of victims’ files still being encrypted, we leveraged our close partnership with Fox-IT. We developed a decryption assistance website and corresponding tool designed to help those afflicted with the original CryptoLocker malware.”

Azure Active Directory Sync – Beta 2 Details

Azure AD Sync Beta 2 includes new features, scenarios, troubleshooting tools and improves stability.

New in Beta 2

    • Selective synchronization which enables you to only sync attributes required for the services you want to enable
    • AD password reset with multi-forests
    • Exchange hybrid deployment in multi-forests environments which enables you to have mailboxes in Office 365 as well as in your on-premises exchange

Sign up for the beta here.

Azure AD Sync Optional Features
Azure AD Selective Sync












More details can be read in Alex Simons post on the TechNet Blog

Run Windows Apps Anywhere

Azure RemoteApp Preview

Microsoft Azure RemoteApp is currently in preview and you can try it for free.

What is Azure RemoteApp?

RemoteApp allows you to make programs that are accessed remotely through Azure appear as if they are running on the end user’s local device.  Instead of  the situation where they would typically connect to a Remote Desktop Session and then run the app on the desktop of the host.

Supports Windows, Mac, iOS, Android and Windows RT.

There are two types of deployments for RemoteApp

    • Cloud based deployment which hosts the app and its data in Azure
    • Hybrid based deployment which hosts the app in Azure but the data resides within your network instead of the cloud

Typical scenarios where you might consider using Azure RemoteApp include

    • Mobile, home, or branch based employees
    • If you need to run multiple versions of the same app (like Access)
    • VDI replacement or supplementation
    • Shared computers such as labs, kiosk, customer service, hotelling, temporary employees
    • DevOps or app testing

Here are some resources to get you started


Fundamentals of Azure Internal Load balancers ILBs

Fundamentals of Azure Internal Load balancers by Bruno Terkaly 

  1. Internal load balancing (ILB) enables you to run highly available services behind a private IP address
  2. Internal load balancers are only accessible only within a cloud service or Virtual Network (VNet)
    • This provides additional security on that endpoint.

Some questions I am hearing

  1. I am able to access internal load balancer using IP address but not via load balancer or service name?
    • See Accessing the ILB below
  2. Is there any option on Azure portal to view load balancer configuration?
    • Internal load balancing cannot be configured through the portal as of today, this will be supported in the future
    • However, it can be configured using powershell cmdlets.
      • ILB can be used in a deployment inside a Regional Virtual Network as well in a new deployment that is outside the Virtual Network
  3. How do I monitor the traffic and which server it is redirecting it to?
  4. How do I setup the probing and rules/alerts for it?
    • See the links below


  1. Between virtual machines within a cloud service.
  2. Between virtual machines in different cloud services that are themselves contained within a virtual network.
  3. Between on-premises computers and virtual machines in a cross-premises virtual network.

Some diagrams


  1. Multi-Tier Web Appimage001

    Figure 1: Architecture for a Multi-Tier Web App


  1. Traffic from clients on the on-premises network get load-balanced across the set of LOB servers running in a cross-premises virtual network
  2. You don’t need a separate load balancer in the on-premises network or in the virtual networkimage002

    Figure 2: Architecture for an Intranet Network


  1. ILB also allows traffic from servers on the on-premises network to be load-balanced across virtual machines running in a cross-premises virtual network.image003

    Figure 3: Architecture for an On-Premises Network


  1. When used within a Virtual Network the ILB endpoint is also accessible from on-premises and other inter-connected VNets allowing some powerful hybrid scenarios



  1. VMs inside a cloud service have private IP address spaces
  2. You can talk to the ILB using this private IP address


  1. A customer can specify a static VNet IP address
  2. A customer can retrieve the load balanced IP is acquired from a virtual subnet
  3. This allows you to be connected VNets through the secure IP Sec tunnel

Some useful links

Regional Virtual Networks
Internal Load Balancing
Configure an internal load-balanced set
Azure Load Balancer
Configure a load-balanced set
Apple Think Different

Researcher Reveals: All iOS Devices Allow Access to All Data Through Hidden Services

Apple Think Different

JONATHAN ZDZIARSKI presented how all iOS devices are running Apple created, undocumented, hidden services, that allow access to all data on your device, even encrypted data.  His slides are available here.  Below I have summarized some of the more interesting parts and tried to put them in less technical terms.


  • Apple has worked hard to make iOS devices reasonably secure against typical attackers
  • Apple has worked hard to ensure that Apple can access data on end-user devices on behalf of law enforcement
  • Almost all native application / OS data is encrypted with a key
  • As of iOS 7, third party documents are encrypted, but Library and Caches folders are usually not
  • Once the device is first unlocked after reboot, most of the encrypted data can be accessed until the device is shut down
  • The undocumented services running on every iOS device help make this possible
  • Your device is almost always at risk of spilling all data, since it’s almost always authenticated, even while locked

Undocumented Services Overview

  • Accessed through lockdownd, requiring pairing authentication
  • iOS 7 trust dialog helps, but third party accessories are making people stupid again
  • Bypasses “Backup Encryption” mechanism provided to users
  • —Can be accessed both via USB and wirelessly (WiFi, maybe cellular); networks can be scanned for a specific target
  • —If device has not been rebooted since user last entered PIN, can access all data encrypted with data-protection (third party app data, etc)
  • —Other (more legitimate) services enable software installation, APN installation (adding proxy servers) for continued monitoring
  • A number of commercial law enforcement forensic manufacturers have started tapping these services:
    AccessData (Mobile Phone Examiner)
  • A number of private tools and source are out there as well to take advantage of these services

Ransomware on your iPhone?  Oh my!  Using your own iOS pictures for blackmail? OH MY!!

The undocumented and hidden services your i-device is running that Apple never told you about

First service:

  • Completely bypasses Apple’s backup encryption for end-user security
  • Very intentionally placed by Apple and intended to send data from the device by request
  • Can collect data from the phone that user has deleted but still remains on the device because the memory has not been reused yet
  • This undocumented, hidden service can collect and send any and all data on your device, including data you probably didn’t know your device even kept but the list is too long to include

Second Service:

  • Allows access to the Library, Caches, Cookies, Preferences folders as well
  • These folders provide highly sensitive account storage, social/Facebook caches, photos and other data stored in “vaults”, and much more

Additional services: Provides detailed network usage per-application on a per-day basis Given an enterprise certificate, can use this to load custom software onto the device (which can run invisibly and in the background) Syslog, provides a lot of details about what the device is doing, and often leaks user credentials from 3rd party apps via NSLog()

Already documented and fairly public method of using these undocumented services 

DROPOUTJEEP – a software implant for iPhones that allows for the ability to remotely copy or place files on a device, retrieve text messages, contacts, voicemail, location information, turn on mic, camera, cell tower location.  Requires “close access” for implant, which means they don’t need to physically touch the device bluetooth or WiFi might be ‘close enough’.  Data extraction is done over GPRS (cellular essentially) or through text messaging.  Ironically all communication with the implant is “covert and encrypted”.

If you want to prevent some of these attack surfaces there is a simple and free solution from Apple called Apple Configurator that will allow you to prevent it from pairing with other devices.

Breach at Goodwill Industries

Breach at Goodwill Industries

Credit card and ATM card info stolen

Financial institutions across the country report that they are tracking what appears to be a series of credit card breaches involving Goodwill locations nationwide. For its part, Goodwill Industries International Inc. says it is working with the U.S. Secret Service on an investigation into these reports. According to sources in the financial industry, multiple locations of Goodwill Industries stores have been identified as a likely point of compromise for an unknown number of credit and debit cards. In a statement sent to KrebsOnSecurity, Goodwill Industries said it first learned about a possible incident last Friday, July 18. The organization said it has not yet confirmed a breach, but that it is working with federal authorities on an investigation into the matter. “Goodwill Industries International was contacted last Friday afternoon by a payment card industry fraud investigative unit and federal authorities informing us that select U.S. store locations may have been the victims of possible theft of payment card numbers,” the company wrote in an email. It remains unclear how many Goodwill locations may have been impacted, but sources say they have traced a pattern of fraud on cards that were all previously used at Goodwill stores across at least 21 states, including Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Washington and Wisconsin.


Azure Gallery Adds Virtual Machines

Microsoft announced today the availability of virtual machines in the Azure gallery.

Azure customers can now use preconfigured VM’s or customize the VM’s from the gallery without having to build their own and upload it into Azure.

Some of the VM’s available include:



Amazon Newest Service – Zocalo – Secure Document and File Storage

Amazon Zocalo

“Amazon Zocalo is a fully managed, secure enterprise storage and sharing service with strong administrative controls and feedback capabilities that improve user productivity. Users can comment on files, send them to others for feedback, and upload new versions without having to resort to emailing multiple versions of their files as attachments. Users can take advantage of these capabilities wherever they are, using the device of their choice, including PCs, Macs, and tablets. Amazon Zocalo offers IT administrators the option of integrating with existing corporate directories, flexible sharing policies, audit logs, and control of the location where data is stored.”

They are offering a free trial for 30 days, 200 GB and 50 users.

Features include

  • Single console for all files
  • Commenting on files
  • Sending files to others for feedback
  • Uploading new versions without emailing files as attachments
  • Teammates can leave comments by highlighting a section of a file, or specific text, and typing feedback
  • Users can set optional deadlines for feedback
  • Track files that are out for review
  • Be notified by email when they have been asked to provide feedback
  • Automatic version control
  • Overlay technology that displays all comments from all users
  • Automatically sync files across all the users devices using encryption at rest and in transit
  • Tablet optimized experience across iPad, Android and Kindle
  • Active Directory integration
  • Auditing
  • Integration with Amazon Workspaces